IBM developed a chess-playing computer named Deep Blue that was capable of thinking 6 moves ahead. The average person can only think 5 moves ahead. They got Garry Kasparov, then-reigning chess champion from Russia, to test it out for them.
The first match occurred in February 1996. Garry Kasparov beat Deep Blue 4-2. IBM then upgraded the computer and matches began again in May 1997, with the last being played on May 11th. Deep Blue won. Kasparov conceded the game after only 19 moves. The total score for the match was 3.5 to 2.5 in Deep Blue's favor. This was the first time a chess computer actually beat a reigning champion.
Deep Blue was retired immediately, even though Kasparov wanted one more rematch. The computer's chess functions were created by analyzing thousands of championship games. Four grandmasters helped to tweak and add to Deep Blue's capabilities. Rules of the match allowed IBM to tweak Deep Blue between games.
The current champions are Xu Yuhua, women's champion from China and Veselin Topalov, men's champion from Bulgaria.
Oh, any mistakes in reporting this incident in history, you can blame firmly on the fact that I can't play chess to save my soul. I wish I could, but I can't.
Deep Blue - Wikipedia
Deep Blue beats Kasparov - History Channel
Deep Blue - IBM's webpage
Quarantine, by AC Clarke - great short story
All Hail Spock! - the true chessmaster --->